This component simulates a Fermi chopper with absorbing walls. The rotation axis is
vertical (y-axis), i.e. the path length through the channels is given by the length
'depth' along the z-axis.
The shape of the channels can be straight, curved with circular, or curved with ideal
(i.e. close to a parabolic) shape. This is determined by the parameter 'GeomOption'.
Geometry for straight and circular channels:
The geometry of the chopper consists of a rectangular shaped object with a channel
system. In transmission position, there are 'Nchannels' slits along the x-axis,
separated by absorbing walls of thickness 'wallwidth' giving a total width 'width'.
The rectangular channel system is surrounded by a so-called shadowing cylinder
(cf component manual).
Geometry for parabolic channels:
In this case, the Fermi chopper is supposed to be a full cylinder, i.e. the central
channels are longer than those on the edges (cf. figure in the component manual).
The other features are the same as for the other options.
Apart from the frequency of rotation, the phase of the chopper at t=0 has to be given;
phase = 0 means transmission orientation.
The option 'zerotime' may be used to reset the time at the chopper position. The
consequence is that only 1 pulse is generated instead of several.
NOTE: This component must NOT be located at the same position as the previous one.
This also stands for monitors and Arms. A non zero distance must be defined.
straight Fermi chopper, 18000 rpm, 20 channels a 0.9 mm separated by 0.1 mm walls,
16 mm channel length, minimal shadowing cylinder, phased to be open at 1 ms,
generation of only 1 pulse, normal precision (for short wavelength neutrons)
Vitess_ChopperFermi(GeomOption=0, zerotime=1, Nchannels=20, Ngates=4,
freq=300.0, height=0.06, width=0.0201,
depth=0.016, r_curv=0.0, diameter=0.025691, Phase=-108.0,
Fermi chopper with circular channels, 12000 rpm, optimized for 6 Ang, several pulses,
highest accuracy (because of long wavelength neutrons used), rest as above
Vitess_ChopperFermi(GeomOption=2, zerotime=0, Nchannels=20, Ngates=8,
freq=200.0, height=0.06, width=0.0201,
depth=0.016, r_curv=0.2623, diameter=0.025691, Phase=-72.0,
Apr 2005: extensive external test, most problems solved (cf. 'Bugs' and source header)
Validated by: K. Lieutenant
limitations: slow (10 times slower than FermiChopper), especially for a high number of channels
reduction of transmission by a large shadowing cylinder underestimated
Parameters in boldface are required;
the others are optional.
name of output file for geometry information
option: 0:straight 1:parabolic 2:circular
option: 1:'set time to zero' 0: 'do not'
number of channels of the Fermi chopper
number of gates defining the channel: 4=default, 6 or 8 for long wavelengths
number of rotations per second
height of the Fermi chopper
total width of the Fermi chopper
channel length of the Fermi chopper
radius of curvature of the curved Fermi chopper
diameter of the shadowing cylinder
dephasing angle at zero time
thickness of walls separating the channels
1: straight FC, 2: curved FC
1: ideal shape (nearly parabolic) 2: circular
TOF of neutron under consideration
wavelength of neutron
[cm] radius of curvature
max. channel length due to diameter and total_width
shift to channel actually written to geometry file
half of the curvature of a curved Fermi chopper
chopper phase at TOF of neutron to chopper centre
position of gates perpendicular to flight direction